Integrated Approach to Sustainable Livelihoods

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IIEC’s Experience in Integrated Approach to Sustainable Livelihoods
 

At a Glance:

Human consumption of water, food, and energy directly and indirectly affects the ecosystems and natural resources on which society depends for its survival. Rising energy and food prices, and crisis events such as droughts, increasingly demonstrate the dangers of managing water, energy, and food systems in isolation. IIEC has contributed to several initiatives that integrate energy and these other critical areas to ensure a balanced approach to development.

Our Experience:

Water, energy and food security can be achieved through a nexus approach – integrating management and governance across sectors and scales. Such an approach can support the transition to a green economy, which aims, among other things, at resource use efficiency and greater policy coherence.

The Challenge:

Exacerbated by rapidly accelerating urban development, huge challenges face developing countries in terms of water, energy, and food security. These three systems intersect in numerous ways:

  • Energy is required to treat wastewater and transport water for drinking, agriculture, and commercial/industrial uses, as well as to power pumps and other equipment used to grow food.
  • Water is needed to grow food, sustain communities, produce electricity, and manufacture products.
  • Certain crops are increasingly used to produce energy.
  • Water quality can be adversely affected by food and energy production.

Scarcities of all three are exacerbated by policies developed to govern the management of one resource, without consideration of the impacts on the others. These inter-linkages point to a critical need for co-management of the three resources.

IIEC’s experience in this key activity, categorized by country is listed below:

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Brazil TOP LINK
Project Title
Energy Efficiency and Pollution Prevention (E2P2) in Brazilian Textile Industry - Brazil

Region

South America

Service Area

Integrated Approach to Sustainable Livelihoods

Project Title

Energy Efficiency and Pollution Prevention (E2P2) in Brazilian Textile Industry - Brazil

Country

Brazil

Client

Luce Foundation

Project Funding Agency

Luce Foundation

Project Duration

Start Date

Jan 2001

Scheduled Completion

Jun 2002

Project Description and Summary of Services

 

 

 

The objective of this project is to identify the potential of energy efficiency and pollution prevention in the Brazilian textile mills and conduct corresponding detailed audits at two integrated textile mills.

 

Services Provided:

  • Technical support in project design leading to implementation of energy efficiency and pollution prevention measures
  • Energy audits

Contact for more information

 

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India TOP LINK
Project Title
Water-Energy-Biomass (WEB) Project

Region

Asia

Service Area

New Initiatives

Project Title

Water-Energy-Biomass (WEB) Project

Country

India

Client

US Agency for International Development

Project Funding Agency

US Agency for International Development

Project Duration

Start Date

Oct 2002

Scheduled Completion

Sep 2005

Project Description and Summary of Services

This project developed a model for the co-management of energy and water. It promoted efficiency improvement in energy and water use by establishing the critical link of biomass-based sustainable agriculture and alternate electricity generation practices.

The Project’s  objectives were to:
- Establish the critical links between water, energy, natural resources and livelihoods for communities
- Assess the potential for off grid generation of power from biomass in terms of crop residual wastes
- Assess and develop an alternative income generation potential for village communities through promotion of cultivation and trading of biomass
- Develop a framework, which defines the mechanism for co-management of energy, water and biomass resources

The project  also covered the associated issues of livelihood, sustainable management of water resources and designing a suitable institutional structure for the successful implementation of water-energy co-management projects.  Baseline data, on natural resources, current land use, cropping pattern and water balance in the specified area were  used to assess (1)  the potential for water and energy conservation and  (2) the potential for  developing biomass based off-grid electricity generation.

Contact for more information

iiecmumbai@iiec.org

 

 

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