Integrated Approach to Sustainable Livelihoods
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IIEC’s Experience in Integrated Approach to Sustainable Livelihoods
 

At a Glance:

Human consumption of water, food, and energy directly and indirectly affects the ecosystems and natural resources on which society depends for its survival. Rising energy and food prices, and crisis events such as droughts, increasingly demonstrate the dangers of managing water, energy, and food systems in isolation. IIEC has contributed to several initiatives that integrate energy and these other critical areas to ensure a balanced approach to development.

Our Experience:

Water, energy and food security can be achieved through a nexus approach – integrating management and governance across sectors and scales. Such an approach can support the transition to a green economy, which aims, among other things, at resource use efficiency and greater policy coherence.

The Challenge:

Exacerbated by rapidly accelerating urban development, huge challenges face developing countries in terms of water, energy, and food security. These three systems intersect in numerous ways:

  • Energy is required to treat wastewater and transport water for drinking, agriculture, and commercial/industrial uses, as well as to power pumps and other equipment used to grow food.
  • Water is needed to grow food, sustain communities, produce electricity, and manufacture products.
  • Certain crops are increasingly used to produce energy.
  • Water quality can be adversely affected by food and energy production.

Scarcities of all three are exacerbated by policies developed to govern the management of one resource, without consideration of the impacts on the others. These inter-linkages point to a critical need for co-management of the three resources.

IIEC’s experience in this key activity, categorized by country is listed below:

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Brazil TOP LINK
Project Title
Energy Efficiency and Pollution Prevention (E2P2) in Brazilian Textile Industry - Brazil

Region

South America

Service Area

Integrated Approach to Sustainable Livelihoods

Project Title

Energy Efficiency and Pollution Prevention (E2P2) in Brazilian Textile Industry - Brazil

Country

Brazil

Client

Luce Foundation

Project Funding Agency

Luce Foundation

Project Duration

Start Date

Jan 2001

Scheduled Completion

Jun 2002

Project Description and Summary of Services

 

 

 

The objective of this project is to identify the potential of energy efficiency and pollution prevention in the Brazilian textile mills and conduct corresponding detailed audits at two integrated textile mills.

 

Services Provided:

  • Technical support in project design leading to implementation of energy efficiency and pollution prevention measures
  • Energy audits

Contact for more information

 

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India TOP LINK
Project Title
Community led action plan for climate change

Project Name

Community-led action plan for climate change

Name of Client

Oxford Policy Management

Country

India

Project Location within country

Chhattisgarh State

Source of Financing

Oxford Policy Management

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

23 May 2018

Completion Date

On-going

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
The main objective of the project is to enhance climate resilience in local level planning and developing a Community Led Action Plan on Climate Change.

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:

  • Identify a micro watershed with the potential of demonstrating a climate resilience model.
  • Conduct consultation workshops to identify strategies for ecosystem-based local solutions towards adaption efforts
  • Collect primary data to enable spatial planning within the watershed
  • Implement the adaptation measures in forest management practices, watershed management and development intervention to enhance climate resilience
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Women’s Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Energy

Project Name

Womens Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Energy

Name of Client

UN Women

Country

India

Project Location within country

Madhya, Nagaland, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh

Source of Financing

UN Women

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

6th September 2016

Completion Date

20th January 2017

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
The project aims to undertake a needs assessment in Madhya Pradesh, Nagaland, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh to identify specific needs of women for entrepreneurship and leadership opportunities in the renewable energy sector and propose context-specific interventions as well as recommendations for gender-sensitive policy options.

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:
To understand women’s needs and priorities and opportunities, IIEC conducts:

  • Situation analysis on women and renewable energy in select states.
  • Main livelihood activities/clusters where energy can be leveraged to increase productivity and location.
  • Existing situation/baseline such as energy policies and plans with targets on women’s production and use of energy, budgetary allocation for implementation of gender-responsive energy plans, etc.
  • Analysis of barriers and risks facing women entrepreneurs in renewable energy.
  • Stakeholder analysis to identify ongoing activities in the renewable energy sector.
  • Information and access to schemes, programs and current market transformation efforts for renewable energy.
  • Documentation of best practices/solutions in terms of technology/delivery mechanisms.
  • Development of National roadmap for renewable energy interventions including awareness and capacity building in the identified clusters and districts.
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Supporting Farmer Producer Companies for Value Chain Development in Maharastra

Project Name

Supporting Farmer Producer Companies for Value Chain Development in Maharastra

Name of Client

Oxford Policy Management Limited

Country

India

Project Location within country

Maharastra

Source of Financing

Oxford Policy Management Limited

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

8th December 2017

Completion Date

 

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
The project aims to identify the support needed to build climate resilience for small farmers and producers. The key objectives are to:

  1. Undertake an institutional evaluation of Farmer Producer Companies (FPCs) to highlight the capacity, management, technological, financial, infrastructural and governance gaps;
  2. Support FPCs in drawing up business plans that include incorporating climate-resilient crops into cropping patterns;
  3. Ensure that FPC’s business plans are of sufficiently good quality that they can be used in negotiating loans with credit providers;
  4. Enable FPCs access financing and credit linkage from banks, financial institutions, donors and government.

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:

  1. Designing the work plan and development of the approach paper
  2. Study of FPCs and value chain actors in selected districts
  3. Benchmarking value chain implementation and gap analysis of pre-selected FPCs
  4. Understand credit providers’ perceptions of FPC risk
  5. Provision of a ‘Rating Tool’
  6. Validate the results of the initial evaluation of FPCs
  7. Sample business plans
  8. Recommendation of strategies for implementation and final report
  9. Develop guidelines for replicating this pilot process
  10. Training and capacity building
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Clean Energy Access Program

Project Name

Clean Energy Access Program

Name of Client

Syneos Health

Country

India

Project Location within country

Uttarakhand

Source of Financing

Syneos Health

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

January 2018

Completion Date

July 2018

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
IIEC implemented an on-ground program for improved health services for socio-economic development in selected villages in Uttarakhand. The focus was on providing solar electricity to Primary Health Clinics so that they are able to function more effectively and provide better care facilities for the local communities. The availability of 24x7 electricity in the Primary Health Clinics also ensured the availability of resources to store necessary and life-saving medicines that were missing earlier. Through this initiative, IIEC has been able to mobilise the support of local communities and doctors and help build a sense of ownership amongst the villagers for this project. The local villagers and doctors in charge were trained for the day-to-day maintenance of the lighting system. Along with this, the project and equipment were officially transferred to the Gram Panchayats and the doctors-in-charge, again an example of building a sense of ownership for the local community.

The program has been able to impact more than 500 households for a better quality of life.

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:

  1. Program designing and implementation of solar lighting project for primary health centers in Uttarakhand
  2. Selection of districts, blocks, and villages for implementation of the project.
  3. Profiling of the villages and primary health centers to facilitate effective design and implementation of the project
  4. Selection of solar lighting system solution vendor
  5. Implementation of the project with support from solar lighting solution providers
  6. Designing and use of monitoring and verification protocol for the project to measure the impact
  7. Organizing Training and Orientation program for day to day maintenance of the solar lighting system for the doctors, ward boys, and village Gram Sabha representatives
  8. Preparation of case study for sharing with the outside world and for reporting
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Study for Climate Resilient Agriculture in Assam

Project Name

Study for Climate Resilient Agriculture in Assam

Name of Client

Oxford Policy Management

Country

India

Project Location within country

Assam

Source of Financing

UK Department for International Development (DFID)

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

October 2018

Completion Date

December 2018

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:            
This project aimed to outline steps to facilitate policy uptake of value chain analysis while providing additional support to build the resilience of the sector to climate change. This project focuses on 1) Establishing a clear road map for reviving ginger corp production; 2) Develop an easy to use guide for vulnerability assessment methodology using ginger corp as an example; 3) Develop a framework for establishing community-based seed banks, and 4) Capacity building on performing in-depth vulnerability assessment and establishing community seed banks.

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:
IIEC performs the following activities:
Activity 1: Vulnerability Assessment Report

  • Finalize a method to conduct in-depth vulnerability assessment for Ginger

Activity 2: Reviving Ginger Production

  • Review the crop-specific strategies identified for Ginger crop identified in the Value Chain Analysis report developed by the programme in the first phase
  • Detail approach and methodology paper on reviving ginger production

Activity 3: Framework for establishing community-based seed banks

  • Prioritize an agro-climatic zone
  • Conduct situation analysis for seed banks with the farming community.

Activity 4: Capacity Building

  • Organize training sessions for of the agriculture department officials and institute representatives on in-depth vulnerability assessment method documented in the report
  • Conduct training sessions with farmers to orient and train them on the framework for establishing the community-based seed banks along with management skills required to support its day to day function.
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Evaluation of HSF – Water Conservation and Climate Change Training of Trainers (TOT) Program for Elected Women Representatives in Rural Rajasthan

Project Name

Evaluation of HSF – Water Conservation and Climate Change Training of Trainers (TOT) Program for Elected Women Representatives in Rural Rajasthan

Name of Client

Hanns Seidel Foundation 

Country

India

Project Location within country

 

Source of Financing

Hanns Seidel Foundation

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

February 2016

Completion Date

April 2016

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
IIEC worked as an expert evaluator in the Hanns Seidel Foundation (HSF) water conservation and climate change TOT program in Rural Rajasthan.  Centre for Social Research (CSR) implemented the project in collaboration with HSF to design and implement a training program to educate rural communities in Rajasthan on water conservation, climate change, and gender. The Training of Trainers–TOT program was designed and executed in four phases (2012- 2015) with target focus on elected woman representatives and to-be elected woman representatives in selected blocks. IIEC evaluated the impact and effectiveness of the TOT program in fulfilling the program objectives. The primary objectives of the TOT program were to I) increase awareness on water issues and gender inequality, ii) increase knowledge amongst Elected Women Representatives (EWR) about tools and existing water conservation schemes, and iii) build capacity among EWRs to lead water conservation initiatives at the village level.  The evaluation provided recommendations for further improvement resulting in wider replication and impact at the grassroots level.

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:

  • Review of project reports and training materials (collection of reports, training materials, schedules, procedures and other details from HSF and CEE)
  • Preparations for the Evaluation (desk research, preparation of focused questionnaires and other material)
  • Site visit to Rajasthan for Program Evaluation
  • Preparation of Evaluation Report
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Climate Proofing of Watersheds and Spring Sheds to Improve Community Resilience in West Bengal

Project Name

Climate Proofing of Watersheds and Spring Sheds to Improve Community Resilience in West Bengal 

Name of Client

Oxford Policy Management Limited

Country

India

Project Location within country

West Bengal

Source of Financing

Oxford Policy Management Limited

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

6th December 2017

Completion Date

March 2018

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
IIEC has been engaged by OPM for designing a program for the West Bengal Government to ensure that adaptation is supporting the effective implementation of development programs. The overall goal of this program is “to improve climate resilience and build adaptive capacities of the communities to climate change in spring shed and watershed areas of West Bengal”.  The program will help in improving climate resilience through the promotion of climate-resilient infrastructure and climate-resilient agriculture in spring shed and watershed areas of the P&RD Department. To Build the capacity of the P&RD Department in using the scientific data for effective implementation of ongoing and future spring shed and watershed development programs. To improve the capacity of state through the integration of risk mitigation tools for weather advisory and early warning information systems. The program will create a knowledge management system on climate change adaptation in spring shed and watershed areas of the state. IIEC has been engaged to write the proposal for the current programme for funding under the National Adaptation Fund (NAF) for the Government of West Bengal.  

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:

  • In consultation with the Department of Environment (DoE), Govt. of West Bengal shortlist not more than 5 actions for the preparation of concept note for submission to NAF. 
  • Preparation of a project concept note for submission to the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in the NAF format as per the latest guidelines available for NAF.
  • Undertake stakeholder consultations with the stakeholders affected by the project at the selected project location. This also included the relevant line departments (other than DoE), the actual implementers (or proposed implementers) on the ground, the intended beneficiaries, any NGOs as relevant.
  • Preparation of a presentation of the project concept for the MoEFCC.
  • Provide assistance to DoE in presenting the Project Concept to the MoEFCC.
  • Finalize the detailed project report based on the concept note submitted earlier.
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Water-Energy-Biomass (WEB) Project

Region

Asia

Service Area

New Initiatives

Project Title

Water-Energy-Biomass (WEB) Project

Country

India

Client

US Agency for International Development

Project Funding Agency

US Agency for International Development

Project Duration

Start Date

Oct 2002

Scheduled Completion

Sep 2005

Project Description and Summary of Services

This project developed a model for the co-management of energy and water. It promoted efficiency improvement in energy and water use by establishing the critical link of biomass-based sustainable agriculture and alternate electricity generation practices.

The Project’s  objectives were to:
- Establish the critical links between water, energy, natural resources and livelihoods for communities
- Assess the potential for off grid generation of power from biomass in terms of crop residual wastes
- Assess and develop an alternative income generation potential for village communities through promotion of cultivation and trading of biomass
- Develop a framework, which defines the mechanism for co-management of energy, water and biomass resources

The project  also covered the associated issues of livelihood, sustainable management of water resources and designing a suitable institutional structure for the successful implementation of water-energy co-management projects.  Baseline data, on natural resources, current land use, cropping pattern and water balance in the specified area were  used to assess (1)  the potential for water and energy conservation and  (2) the potential for  developing biomass based off-grid electricity generation.

Contact for more information

iiecmumbai@iiec.org

 

 

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Samoa TOP LINK
Project Title
Improving the Performance & Reliability of Renewable Energy Power Systems in Samoa (IMPRESS) Project

Project Name

Improving the Performance & Reliability of Renewable Energy Power Systems in Samoa (IMPRESS) Project

Name of Client

UNDP

Country

Samoa

Project Location within country

Samoa

Source of Financing

UNDP

Length of Consultancy Assignment

Start Date

18th April 2016

Completion Date

 

Detailed Narrative Description of Project:
The project aims to design, develop and prepare the required documents of Improving the performance and reliability of renewable energy power systems in Samoa (IMPRESS)

Detailed Description of Actual Service Provided by your Firm:

  • Task 1: Energy Sector Background Information and Inception Report Preparation
  • Task 2: Preparation of Comprehensive Energy Sector Background Report
  • Task 3: Identification, Assessment, and Conduct of Detailed Design of Demonstration Projects
  • Task 4: Organization, Conduct, and Facilitation of an LFA Workshop
  • Task 5: Design of Project Outputs and Activities, and Preparation of Project Document
  • Task 6: Facilitation of a Validation Workshop
  • Task 7: Finalization of Project and GEF CEO Endorsement Request Document
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